Truth Reality Bhavagam (God)
Bhrigu said, ‘Truth is Brahma; Truth is Penance; it is Truth that creates all creatures. It is by Truth that the whole universe is upheld; and it is with the aid of Truth that one goes to heaven. Untruth is only another form of Darkness. It is Darkness that leads downwards. Those who are afflicted by Darkness and covered by it fail to behold the lighted regions of heaven. It has been said that Heaven is light and that Hell is Darkness.
Mahabharata Santi Parva Section CXC
‘Reality’ is a metaphysical concept or notion (which thus combines reason and intuition. As a concept, it purports to refer to something which is actually existing and is not just verbal (that is, it exists outside its verbal expression).
Reality is ‘what is’ – the ‘totality of being in all its forms’, consequently including this/its own formulation, along with all systems of language and expression. A totality is a unity, because there is nothing outside of or extraneous to it. Totality does not mean uniformity, and, besides, it is not a closed system for it is inexhaustible – mind and language cannot encompass it being inadequate to it. Thus, there appears to be variety and complexity within that totality or unity, but Consciousness or Intelligence (chit) is the essential ‘part’, and the rest are appearances or phenomena within it. A better word than ‘unity’ is ‘oneness’ – ‘One without a second’, Atman-brahman.
Outside of metaphysics is empirical science where there are no final, conclusive truths – only provisional (or approximate) theories and hypotheses; usually cumulative and/or replaceable. These ‘truths’ can be seen as reflections of the one Truth (or Oneness), which is noumenon, as is the ‘Good’ in Plato. A metaphysical principle cannot be defined, while everything covered by it is defined in terms of that principle (e.g. the principle or principles of law, of justice, of medicine), even if these are inexact or approximate.