Historically (perhaps (?) since the days of Prof. Max Muller and Dr. George Thibet), the Sanskrit word ‘brahman‘ is rendered into English as Consciousness which is ‘caitanya.’ ‘brahman‘ is derived from the root “bRh” which means very huge. The derivation can take many forms like:
bRihatvAt – unimaginably Infinite in expansiveness;
brahmaNatvAt – encloses everything within Itself (all-inclusive);
barhaNatvAt – deliquesces [assimilates (absorbs/dissolves) all into Itself.]
Possibly “Colossus” may have been better or a more appropriate translation for brahman, IMHO, because Consciousness captures only one aspect of brahman, the other two being Beingness and Bliss (going by the popular “sat-cit-Ananda“).
Vedanta offers us three unique prakriyA-s (processes) to ‘understand each of the three aspects of brahman, as follows:
The Substance and form (kAraNa-kArya) Analysis to decipher Beingness aspect;
The Seer and the seen (dRik-dRishya) Analysis to decipher Consciousness aspect; and
The Experiencer and the experienced (bhokta- bhojya) Analysis to decipher Bliss aspect.
This is the 3-pill ‘prescription’ by the Advaitic Medicos (Vaid – the Knowers) to cut asunder the disease of ‘ignorance’ rooted in us.
We have an example for how the Seer-seen analysis goes in this short Video of Rupert Spira. Similar analysis to know the ‘core’ substance of all forms and the deeply ingrained Bliss will lead us to realize brahman.