Having decided to have *śraddha*, an openmind on the possibility of the declaration by the *vēdās *that *ānanda* is our very *svarūpa*, our very seeking, and having understood and on that basis decided that *mokṣa* is the *parama puruṣārtha* of this life, and further having seen that scriptures are the only *pramāṇa*, means of knowledge, to *mokṣa*, let us commence our learning of the *mahāvākya*, the all important equation, one of which is “*tat tvam asi*”.

For any mathematical statement to be called an equation, we need to have 2 sides which appear to be unequal. For example 5+5 = 5+5 is not an equation whereas 6+4 = 7+3 is an equation. The *mahāvākya “tat tvam asi”* is an equation which can be mathematically expressed as *tat = tvam*. Here *tat* indicates *īśvara*, God, and *tvam* indicates *jīva*, the individual. In other words the *śruti *says *īśvara = jīva*, or God = Individual. Continue reading